Millennials in Developing Agriculture. Lately, the term millennial has become popular, which refers to people born in the 1980s and 1990s. In the world of agriculture itself, we are repeatedly hit by the issue that Indonesia is short of labor due to young people being less interested in moving into agriculture.
In his second term, the President echoed the issue of labor and improving human resources in Indonesia. The programs launched are not much different from the management of improving human resources, including pre-employment cards and campus integration—the world of work.
However, there are still few researchers or agencies that release information on the current condition of the workforce in terms of quality and other aspects. The data that appears by the Central Bureau of Statistics ranges from the quantity of male and female workers, age, school graduates, and others. Then how can we calculate and assess the development of labor quality? Perhaps it can be felt by looking at the development of the technology used. Because different technologies, different users, and different basic knowledge must be possessed to master the technology.
This is what underlies the writing of the proceedings on the calculation of the human resource index in agriculture with the title “The role of millennials as a leveraging attribute of the agricultural human resource index”. What is quite surprising is that several provinces in the country have advanced agriculture; it turns out that those provinces have a large number of millennial farmers compared to provinces that are quite underdeveloped. This provides a bit of a refutation that it is not entirely true that the younger generation does not intend to work in agriculture.
This paper uses BPS secondary data, namely the results of the 2018 Inter-Census Agricultural Survey (SUTAS). The data is processed using Multidimensional scaling by including four aspects: quantity, quality, management, and land tenure. Around 40 variables were collected in the SUTAS.
The next interesting result is that the hardening of agricultural technology should target male users. Because men are more focused on the problem and “to the point” on the answer they want to find. Therefore, agricultural content should be short but answer agricultural problems in the field.
There are many other results that have not been included in this article, including the ranking of each province in Indonesia in terms of human resources in agriculture. Please read the full proceedings article below:
Santoso, AB. 2019. Peran Kaum Milenial Sebagai Atribut Pengungkit Indeks SDM Pertanian. Prosiding Nasional: Pengembangan SDM Indonesia Untuk Mendukung Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Digital, Bogor: 23-24 Oktober 2019. Hal 197 – 204.